The value of furniture and household goods is calculated on the basis of a standard formula based on the estimated value of the liquid and non-liquid assets of the estate, then the value of the usufruit for the surviving spouse is deducted, and finally the balance is distributed among the children after the death of the surviving spouse. This facilitates the handling of household items, since the surviving spouse is free to maintain, replace or dispose of them during his lifetime, the monetary value of the objects being the responsibility of the children. Ownership of the assets does not pass and the usufruit disappears at the death or at the end of a year. Usufruit is different from a similar trust or count. French law violates Roman law by characterizing a usufruit not as servitude, but as an interest in property. The usufruit is granted in several years or held together as long as the property is not damaged or destroyed. The third interest in civil property is abuse (abuse literally), the right to alienate the possessed, either by consumption or destruction (z.B for profit reasons) or by transfer to someone else (e.g.B. Sale, exchange, gift). Someone who enjoys all three rights has full ownership. Thomas Jefferson wrote in 1789 that «the Earth – in usufruit – is one of the living.» Jefferson`s metaphor means that man, like a usufruitier, has the right to use the Earth for his own benefit and to profit from it. The use of Jefferson`s word «life» is essential here: he said that the usufruitiers of the world are those who are alive, past generations not dead. This idea would profoundly affect Jefferson during his life and would lead to his recognition that the Constitution of the United States would be revised by future generations, and was part of the reason that the Constitution contains a provision for their own amendment.  According to Roman law, usufruit was a kind of personal servitude (servitutes personarum), a benevolent right in the property of another.
The usufruit never had possession of this property (based on what he never owned, he did it by the owner), but he had an interest in the property itself for a period, either a term of years or a lifetime. Unlike the owner, the usufruitier did not have the right to alienation (abusus), but he could sell or lease his usufruit interests. Although a usufruit does not have title to the property, it was able to bring a discharge action in the form of an amended prohibition of possession (prohibition order). The usufruit is responsible for the cost of managing property, paying taxes and liability for interest payable on debts it has earned. «3. By merging the usufruit and the property of the same person; This full lawyer developed agreement usufruct with instructions is developed over a number of years to ensure a quality contract. Click «Order» and follow the check-out procedure. The usufruit contract package is sent immediately to the email address indicated in the customer`s information and a link is provided to download the site. In a usufruit scenario, the beneficiary may also transfer his usufruit rights to a third party in accordance with Section 1422 of the Civil and Commercial Code.
In this case, if the purchaser violates the terms of the usufruit, the owner of the property can also sue the purchaser directly. Similarly, according to Section 1421, it is anticipated that, in the exercise of his rights, the usufruitier must be as concerned with the property as a person would take ordinary caution with his own property. The usufruit is required to retain the property as a result of its use.